Speeding Tickets in New York State

by Adam Rosenblum

If you received a speeding ticket, you probably want to know:

  • How much the speeding ticket will cost
  • How many points you will get on your New York license if convicted

If you are convicted of speeding in New York, the amount you end up paying and the number of points that will be assessed depends on how fast you were going and where you were caught speeding.

For your reference, we have provided a schedule of fines and points for speeding offenses below. Higher fines and penalties than those listed below will apply if you have more than one speeding ticket in the past 18 months.

Also, New York automatically imposes an $85 or $93 surcharge (depending on whether you are in a city or town/village) in addition to the fine you will pay on the speeding ticket. No matter what your case is, it is always advisable to consult with a speeding ticket lawyer and discuss your case before you decide to plead guilty.

How Your Ticket Will Affect Your Insurance

Insurance companies can increase your premiums based on the points you have on your driving record. Rates can rise dramatically with just one speeding ticket. If an insurance company examines your record to find that you are in a high risk category, they can cancel your insurance altogether.

Complete List of New York Speeding Fines

Below is a chart explaining the maximum fine and court surcharge for all New York State speeding ticket violations. The violations are listed by their New York Vehicle and Traffic Law (VTL) section. (This can be found in the section sub-section part of your traffic ticket). These fines are increased if you are charged with speeding in a work zone, speeding in a school zone or if you have a CDL license. It is also important to note that if you accumulate 6 points or more on your license in NY State you will be required to pay a Driver Responsibility Assessment (i.e. $100 a year for 3 years and $25 per year for 3 years for every point over 6.)

 

CLICK HERE - New York Speeding Ticket Costs & Fines Associated

New York VTL Section Max Fine Court Surcharge
1180 (a) Speed not reasonable and prudent (3 points) $150 $85-$93
1180 (b) Speed Over State Limit
             <10 mph over limit $150 $85-$93
             11-30 mph over limit $300 $85-$93
             > 31 mph over limit $600 $85-$93
1180 ( c) Speeding in school zone (between 6:00pm and 7:00am and non school days) $85-$93
            <10 mph over limit $150 $85-$93
             11-30 mph over limit $300 $85-$93
             >31 mph over limit $600 $85-$93
1180 (c ) Speeding in school zone on School Days  
            <10 mph over limit $300 $85-$93
           11-30 mph over limit $600 $85-$93
           >31 mph over limit $1,200 $85-$93
1180- (d)-1 Speeding in zone
            <10 mph over limit $150 $85-$93
           11-30 mph over limit $300 $85-$93
           >31 mph over limit $600 $85-$93
1180 (d)- Speeding on a Restricted highway
            <10 mph over limit $150 $85-$93
           11-30 mph over limit $300 $85-$93
           >31 mph over limit $600 $85-$93
1180 (c ) Failure to Reduce Speed for vehicles with special hazards $150 $85-$93
1180 (f)  Speeding in a Construction Zone
            <10 mph over limit $150 $85-$93
           11-30 mph over limit $300 $85-$93
           >31 mph over limit $600 $85-$93
1180 (g) Vehicles greater than 18,000 lbs speeding detected using radar
            <10 mph over limit $150 $85-$93
           11-30 mph over limit $300 $85-$93
           >31 mph over limit $600 $85-$93
1181(a) Driving too slow impeding traffic $150 $85-$93
1181(b) Driving below minimum posted speed limit $150 $85-$93
1182(1)  Unauthorized speed contest (racing) $525 $85-$93

 

List of Points for Speeding in New York


1-10 mph over the speed limit 3 points
11-20 mph over the speed limit 4 points
21-30 mph over the speed limit 6 points
40 mph + over the speed limit 11 points *

*11 points means that your license is suspended

 

The Requirement to Show Up to Court

A standard-style New York State speed sign ind...For all speeding tickets issued in New York State, the court schedules a pre-trial conference date. This is often a problem for people who cannot take off from work or live out-of-state or in Canada and do not wish to return to NY for their pre-trial conference. Individuals who choose not to show up to traffic court can get their license suspended due to failure to appear in traffic court. To avoid getting your license suspended, hire The Rosenblum Law Firm whose speeding ticket attorneys can represent you in traffic court and negotiate a reduction of the fines and points.

New York Driver Responsibility Assessment

With every moving violation (even repeated minor infractions) that you are convicted of, you can expect more points to be added to your license. If you get 6 or more points within an 18 month period, the DMV will fine you a surcharge known as the “Driver Responsibility Assessment.” For drivers with 6 points, the fine is $100 and it must be paid once a year to the DMV for 3 years. An additional $25 per year for three years will be added to the Driver Responsibility Assessment for every point over 6.

Taking A Driver’s Safety Class to Reduce the Points on Your New York License

Contrary to popular belief, taking a driver’s safety class in New York does not actually remove points from your driving record. This means your auto insurance company will still be able to see the points and increase your insurance rates accordingly.

What the driver’s safety class does is give you a credit of up to 4 points for tickets you have already received at the time you take the class, thereby expanding the total number of points you’re allowed to accumulate before your license gets suspended.

New York State allows for you to accumulate up to 11 points on your license before it will be suspended.  Consequently, if you receive a 6 point ticket and you take a driver’s safety class which gives you a 4 point credit, your point accumulation total will be reduced down to 2 points and you will need to accumulate 9 more points before your license will be suspended. However, you can only get credit for a driver safety class once every 18 months.

Hiring an Attorney to Fight Your Speeding Ticket

The Rosenblum Law Firm can represent you in any New York State court and fight your speeding violation, which will save you points and money on car insurance. In most cases, a speeding ticket lawyer from our firm can go to court for you so you can sit back and relax as we do all the work. For more information and a free consultation call us at 888-883-5529 or contact us.

What Results We Can Get For You

For the vast majority of traffic violations in New York State, we can reduce your speeding ticket to a non-moving violation such as a parking ticket or failure to obey a traffic control device.

Traffic Violations Bureau (TVB)

The TVB is a special administrative court that has its own rules and procedures. Individuals who are charged with traffic tickets in New York City, Rochester, and Buffalo are required to report to the TVB for a trial if they plead not guilty. In the TVB there is no “plea bargain” process, so a traffic ticket attorney cannot go into court and negotiate a reduction of the charges with the prosecutor. Therefore, there are three main things we can do:

  • We can represent you in court, so you do not have to show up
  • We can push off the trial date, hope the police officer does not show up for 3 court appearances, and then make a motion for dismissal
  • We can make a motion to reduce the speed by 5 MPH on the grounds that the radar used to catch speeders is not completely accurate

 

How To Read Your Speeding Ticket

speeding-ticket-2

1) Section 1- The Defendant’s Information (top of ticket) 

These boxes display numerous identifying data about the defendant including name, address and information about the car being driven at the time of the stop.  Note: If the officer made a minor mistake in the section (e.g. the officer wrote down the wrong color of your car) you case will NOT be dismissed.

2)  Section 2 – The Charges -

The “Section Sub Section” box indicates which section of the law the defendant is being accused of violating. Below is a list of common New York traffic violations as well as the New York Vehicle & Traffic Law sections they fall under, the amount of points (if any) and the maximum fines and NYS surcharges attached to them. It also lists the location and officer’s information.

3) Section 3 – The Court -

This particular Section shows the name of the court and its address, along with a date and time for a response, either by postal mail or in person.

4) Section 4 – Plead Guilty

If you choose to plead “Guilty” to the charges, fill out this Section and mail it to the address of the court mentioned in Section 3. Important note: Many people think that if they plea guilty “with an explanation” there is a possibility that the court will consider their explanation and decide to find them not guilty. This is a big misunderstanding. Once you fill out this portion of the ticket and mail it in, the court will have no choice but to convict you of the offense. The only thing an explanation can do is potentially convince the judge to set a lower fine, but you will still be convicted of the charges and DMV will assess the appropriate penalties (including points, if applicable). You should also bear in mind that pleading guilty to certain offenses like “no insurance” can lead to mandatory driver’s license suspension or revocation

The only way to challenge the charges or get the charges reduced is to plead “not guilty” (see next Section). It is also a common belief that a person should plead “Guilty” if he or she knows that he was, in fact, guilty. It is important to keep two things in mind:

Under our legal system, it is the prosecution that has the burden of proof. It is every defendant’s right to plead “Not Guilty” and make them do their job which is to prove that you were guilty (or offer you a plea agreement for a reduced charge).

Entering an initial plea of “Not Guilty” does not mean that there is no going back. To the contrary, all it does is preserve your rights to a plea bargain or trial.

You can always change your plea to “Guilty” later on, and in most cases where a plea bargain is offered, you will be pleading guilty at some point, but to a less severe offense than the one you are being charged with.

5) Section 5 – Plead Not Guilty (recommended)

If you choose to plead “Not Guilty” fill out section 5. The Not Guilty section features a spot for you to request a supporting deposition. A supporting deposition is a written sworn statement detailing the traffic violation and it is signed by the law enforcement officer who issued the ticket. Remember, it is your Constitutional right to to plead “Not Guilty.” You can always change your plea later on, and if an acceptable plea bargain is offered, you will ultimately be pleading guilty to that reduced charge.

Case Law Analysis

New York case law reveals several crucial points to bear in mind as a driver.

First and foremost, a NY speeding ticket issued by a police officer who does not use a mechanical device like radar, and, instead estimates it will still be sufficient to convict a driver for speeding. (See People v. Olsen, 22 NY 2d 230.)

The court in Olsen explained its rationale by saying:

  • “The rule is well settled in this State that opinion evidence with regard to the speed of moving vehicles is admissible provided that the witness who testifies first shows some experience in observing the rate of speed of moving objects or some other satisfactory reason or basis for his opinion.” (See People v. Olsen, 22 NY 2d 230.)

Similarly, in People v. Dusing, the court summed up in one cogent statement a governing rule that applies to all drivers ticketed for speeding in New York. The court concluded,

  • “The sum of the combined Magri, Heyser and Marsellus holdings is: first, that a reading from an untested speedometer or radar device is admissible but is not[,] without more[,] sufficient for a speeding conviction; and, second, that the resulting deficiency in proof can be supplied by the testimony of qualified observers.” (See People v. Dusing, 5 NY 2d 126.)

It is worth noting that the Dusing court said “observers,” not “officers.” This means a police officer does not have to be the one to testify against you. In most cases, if the prosecution finds any “qualified observer” (e.g. another driver on the road who saw you), that person combined with the radar evidence will be enough to convict you of speeding.

Second of all, the fact that a speeding ticket is not a crime appears to cut both ways. Since speeding is usually not a crime, it does not carry with it the severity of most criminal penalties. However, since it is not usually a crime, “not all the constitutional protections normally afforded to criminal defendants need be applied to those charged with such a minor offense.” (See People v. Phinney, 22 NY 2d 288.)

Lastly, a driver might be in for a rude awakening if he expects to be able to compel the TVB to turn over pertinent documents to him. Although the TVB has the right to do so, New York law does not require it to do so.

In Matter of Miller v. Schwartz, an attorney requested certain documents and information regarding the type of radar that was used to pull over his client. The TVB denied the request and explained that traditional discovery rules do not apply in the TVB. The lawyer took the case to court to compel the TVB to give him the documents. However, the court sided with the TVB and denied the attorney’s request.

The Schwartz court based its conclusion on the well-settled rule that there is no general constitutional right to discovery in criminal cases or administrative proceedings (See Weatherford v Bursey, 429 US 545 and National Labor Relations Bd. v Interboro Contrs., 432 F.2d 854, cert. denied 402 US 915).

Ultimately, this ruling reveals how difficult it can be—even for an attorney—to navigate through the complicated TVB system. If nothing else, this case shows drivers who get TVB tickets the importance of hiring an experienced traffic ticket attorney familiar with the TVB’s rules and procedures.

More Information regarding New York speeding tickets: